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Gobeklitepe ancient temple Sanliurfa

Gobeklitepe: The World’s First and Oldest Temple

Have you heard the Gobeklitepe where is in Sanliurfa, Turkey? The home of the world’s first and oldest temple with many secrets still unrevealed. Gobeklitepe; especially in recent years, a very historical site that becomes more and more popular among travelers. The home of the world’s first and oldest temple, Gobeklitepe is now online at the 2nd Turkish show of Netflix, The Gift (Atiye in Turkish). As you can watch from the trailer this new series main focus is the Gobeklitepe and its history. Famous Turkish actress Beren Saat and actor Mehmet Gunsur are the stars of the series. I’m strongly suggesting you to watch the first season of this series before you visit Gobeklitepe.

 

Where is the Gobeklitepe?

Gobeklitepe is located about only 15 km away from the Sanliurfa city center, near the Orencik village. Actually it is very easy to go to the site. There is an international airport in Sanliurfa. If you want to go to the Gobeklitepe directly from the Sanliurfa GAP Airport you need to rent a car from there. Because there is no public transport from the airport to the ancient site. If you go to the city center first you may find tours from there to the Gobeklitepe directly. There are buses with number 100, that goes from the city center to Gobeklitepe at 10.00 and 16.00, come back at 12.00 and 18.00 Ticket prices for the buses are around 3 to 5 Turkish Liras.

History of Gobeklitepe?

Gobeklitepe is the oldest and largest temple known in history. It made of giant columns and heavy stones lined up on top of each other. During the construction time of the unique place, there were no wheelbarrow or anything else for the construction works. Today, the construction process of the Gobeklitepe is still a very big mystery. Even seems impossible to construct like this place during that time. It is thought that there should be a very large number of human and animal power to transport the stones. When you visit the Gobeklitepe you will see some animal figures over the stone pillars. Those are certainly beyond overtime. Gobeklitepe is an ancient structure that proves that the people were having systematically gathered even the periods of the time when the people lived as hunters and gatherers. The main purpose of the structure is still unpredictable.

Gobeklitepe animal figures
One of the animal figures found on the site (Source).

Discovery of the Gobeklitepe

You may wonder why such a large and important historical area has made its voice, especially in recent years. One of the important worship centers in the world was found in 1963 during the “Southeastern Anatolia Research Project” which was the collaboration of Istanbul and Chicago Universities. The excavation over the site began in 1995 and those studies are still ongoing. As a result of the excavations started in 1995, 6 temples were found in the region and the shapes of these structures are similar to each other. But this historic site is much more than ever. Because geomagnetic studies show that the temples in the region can reach up to 20.

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Gobeklitepe ancient temple
Gobeklitepe changed the whole human history (Source).

Why Gobeklitepe is So Important?

In other words, the mysterious points about the lives of hunter-gatherers in the Neolithic Period can become clear in Şanlıurfa and whole human history can be updated with many different pieces of information. What do these structures have in common? The T-shaped columns, which are thought to represent people, are arranged in a circular manner and varying in number from 10 to 12, built with stone walls. In the middle of this structure are two large obelisks, facing each other. The symbols of animals, human beings and abstract beings depicted on the stones forming the temple were created by relief or carving techniques. In addition to being the first and largest temple in the area, these symbols on the columns are the oldest known paintings from the Neolithic Age to date and are among the things you should know about Gobeklitepe.

8 Fact That You Should Know About Gobeklitepe

Although Gobeklitepe still retains many mysteries, archaeologists have discovered the physical properties of the structure. If you want to get some information before going to Gobeklitepe, note the following details.

1. The Weight of the Columns Varies Between 40 and 60 Tons.

For example, it is known that the weight of the T-shaped columns, which are thought to represent works due to the presence of hands and fingers in some, varies between 40 and 60 tons. However, under the conditions of that period, who and how these stones were moved to the area are waiting to be solved as a Gobeklitepe secret.

2. Advanced Architectural Technique

It is a fact that during the construction of Gobeklitepe highly advanced architectural techniques compared to its period. Maybe these questions will have answers in the future.

3. There Are Animal Relief over The Pillars

On the columns, there are figures of animals living in the region such as wild boars, wild ducks, bulls, and snakes. These figures are thought to be seen as Gobeklitepe’s guardians and totem animals put for luck, as well as the idea that these animals may be the symbols of the tribes. In addition, the lion depictions in the columns make the possibility of lions in this region strong during the Neolithic Age.

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4. Home of The Wheat is Gobeklitepe

Wheat, which has many variations with the contribution of genetic science, was first grown around Gobeklitepe according to the findings.

5. Agriculture for Beer Production

In the light of the studies and investigations, signs of fermentation were detected on the grain samples found in Göbeklitepe. At the same time around the temple ruins found equipment that can be considered as beer barrels. Scientists who have developed theories based on this evidence believe that Gobeklitepe is also a pioneer in the early production of alcoholic beverages.

6. Klaus Schmidt: Gobeklitepe Explorer

Although the carved stone found by a Sanliurfa farmer in 1983 was one of Gobeklitepe’s earliest finds, the original work began in 1995 under the direction of the Sanliurfa Museum. In 2007, Klaus Schmidt was appointed excavator.

7. Gobeklitepe May be Concealed by the Human Hand.

The limestone and soil structure inside the circular structure is homogeneous, and the cleaning of many remains inside the Gobeklitepe temple before the temple is closed indicates that the area was consciously buried, in other words, it was closed. Unfortunately, there is no answer to the question “Why was Gobeklitepe buried?

8. Liquid-impervious Floors

The floors of the Gobeklitepe temple are specially designed to be impervious to liquid. The purpose of the need for such a ground, the oldest temple in the history of blood, alcohol, and so on. it supports the idea that rituals are carried out with liquid substances.

Gobeklitepe Hours and Tickets

If you want to visit the oldest temple in the world you should know the visiting hours and ticket prices before you go there. It is possible to visit the site from 08.00 to 18.30 between 15 April and 2 October. If you go there between 3rd October and 14 April it is possible to visit the site between 08.00 to 16.30. Also, you can buy the ticket in advance for the site. Please use this link (Official muze.gov.tr of Turkey) to buy your tickets before you go there.

Gobeklitepe should be on your must to see the list. Please share your experience and thoughts about the Gobeklitepe in the comment section.

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